Sign up for a free Medical News Today account to customize your medical and health news experiences. In this article, we look at the symptoms of arthritis in the toes, the different types of arthritis, and how a person can find relief from arthritic pain and discomfort. To compensate for arthritis in the big toe, a person might walk on the outside of their foot, causing pain in the ball of the foot. Osteoarthritis OA is the most common form of arthritis and causes the cartilage between joints to break down.
This allows the joints to rub against each other, causing discomfort and pain, arthritis pain blogs. When OA occurs in the toe, it is often referred to as hallux rigidus, which comes from the Latin for big toe hallux and stiffness rigidus.
OA most commonly occurs in the joint at the bottom of the big toe, which is called the metatarsophalangeal or Arthritis pain blogs joint. Rheumatoid arthritis RA is the most common form of inflammatory arthritis. Around 90 percent of people with RA will have foot problems.
It can affect several small joints arthritis pain blogs the foot at the same time, including those in the toes. Gout is a form of arthritis that occurs when uric acid crystals form deposits in and around the joints. Uric acid is a bodily waste product in the bloodstream.
Psoriatic arthritis PA is arthritis associated with the autoimmune disease known as psoriasis. In most casesjoint problems develop after the skin condition, although occasionally it happens in the reverse order. PA is known to affect the toes. Arthritis can be caused by an infection within the joint. This type is often the result of bacteria traveling through the bloodstream, although it can also be caused by a virus or fungus.
The small joints in the feet can be affected. If a person is concerned that they may have arthritis in their toes, they should see a doctor, as soon as possible.
Arthritis is easier to treat when steps are taken early in the disease to slow its progression. However, there are several things a person can do at home to relieve the symptoms of arthritis in the toes. Arthritis pain blogs use a contrast bath, a person places the affected foot in a bucket of cold water for 30 seconds, and then in a bucket of warm water for 20 seconds, alternating between buckets for 5 minutes.
This can be done up to three times a day, but a person should take care to avoid freezing or scalding water. In some cases, medical intervention is needed to treat arthritic pain in the toes. There are three main types of surgery that could be used to help a person with arthritis in the toes. A cheilectomy is most commonly used when damage to the toe is mild or moderate. An incision is made, and parts of the bone are removed so that the toe can move more freely.
Improvement is permanent in around 75 percent of people. Also known as fusion, arthrodesis is when the bones are fused together in a permanent position, using pins, screws, or a plate.
The toe will not move again, but arthrodesis is the most reliable way of treating severe pain, with a success rate of around 95 percent, arthritis pain blogs.
In arthroplasty, the joint surfaces are removed and replaced with an artificial arthritis pain blogs. This procedure is more common for older people who may not need to be as physically active as someone younger. While arthritis in the toes is not always preventable, there are some simple lifestyle changes a person can make to reduce their risk of the condition.
In most cases of OA in the toes, the toe will stiffen but may not get any worse, even after 20 years with the condition, arthritis pain blogs.
In around 20 to 25 arthritis pain blogs of cases, it will get worse and require treatment. In cases of RA, 1 in 20 people will have severe damage to the joints. In contrast, only 1 in 5 people with RA affecting the toes will have problems worse than pain and stiffness. Article last reviewed by Sat 21 October Visit our Rheumatoid Arthritis category page for the latest news on this subject, or sign up to our newsletter to receive the latest updates on Rheumatoid Arthritis.
All references are available in the References tab. Big toe hallux rigidus. Hallux rigidus arthritis of the big toe. Arthritis pain blogs of the toe. Stiff big toe hallux rigidus. MNT is the registered trade mark of Healthline Media. Any medical information published on this website is not intended as a substitute for informed medical advice and you should not take any action before consulting with a healthcare professional.
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