In the field of architecture an architectural plan is a design and planning for a buildingand can contain architectural drawingsspecifications of the design, calculations, time planning of the building process, and other documentation.
This article will focus on the general meaning of architectural plan as a plan and documentation for a building project. A building is a man-made structure with a roof and walls standing more or less permanently in one place. Buildings come in a variety of shapes, sizes and functions, and have been adapted throughout history for a wide number of factors, from building materials available, to weather conditions, to land prices, ground conditions, specific uses and aesthetic reasons.
To better understand the term building compare the list of nonbuilding structures. The gallery below gives an overview of different types of building. The practice of designing, illustrative architectural plan, constructing, and operating buildings is most usually a collective effort of different groups of professionals and illustrative architectural plan. Depending on the size, complexity, and purpose of a particular building project.
A design process may include a series of steps followed by designers. Depending on the product or service, some of these stages may be irrelevant, ignored in real-world situations in order to save time, reduce cost, or because they may be redundant in the situation. Typical stages of the design process include:. Architectural drawings are used by architects and others for a number of purposes: Architectural drawings are made according to a set of conventionswhich include particular views floor plan, section etc.
Conventionally, drawings were made in ink on allplan architecture plan or a similar material, illustrative architectural plan, and any copies required had to be laboriously made by hand. The twentieth century saw a shift to drawing on tracing paper, so that mechanical copies could be run off efficiently.
Architectural design values make up an important part illustrative architectural plan what influences architects and designers when they make their design decisions. However, architects and designers are not always influenced by the same values and intentions.
Value and intentions differ between different architectural movements. It also differs between different schools of architecture and schools of design as well as among individual architects and designers. One of the major tools in architectural design is the floor plan. This diagram shows the relationships between rooms, illustrative architectural plan and other physical features at one level of a structure. Dimensions are usually drawn between the walls to specify room sizes and wall lengths.
Floor plans will also include details of fixtures like sinks, water heaters, furnaces, etc. Floor plans will include notes to specify finishes, construction methods, or symbols for electrical items, illustrative architectural plan. Similar to a illustrative architectural plan in a floor plan the orientation of the view is downward from above, but unlike a conventional mapa plan is understood to be drawn at a canine antibiotic dosage amoxicillin vertical position commonly at about 4 feet above the floor.
Plan view or " planform " is defined as a vertical orthographic projection of an object on a horizontal plane, like a map.
A plan is typically any procedure used to achieve an objective. It is illustrative architectural plan set of intended actions, through which one expects to achieve illustrative architectural plan goal. Plans can be formal or informal:. Building construction is the process of preparing for and forming buildings  and building systems. Far from being a single activity, large scale construction is a feat of human multitasking. Normally, the job is managed by a project managerand supervised by a construction managerdesign engineerconstruction engineer or project architect.
For the successful execution of a projecteffective planning is essential. Garden design is the art and process of designing and creating plans for layout and planting of gardens and landscapes. Garden design illustrative architectural plan be done by the garden owner themselves, or by professionals of varying levels of experience and expertise.
Most professional garden designers are trained in principles of design and in horticultureand have an expert knowledge and experience of using plants. Some professional garden designers are also landscape architectsa more formal level of training that usually requires an advanced degree and often a state license. Many amateur gardeners also attain a high level of experience from extensive hours working in their own gardens, through casual study or Master Gardener Programs offered by the American Horticultural Society.
Landscape planning is a branch of landscape architecture. Urban park systems and greenways of the type planned by Frederick Law Olmsted are key examples of urban landscape planning. Landscape designers tend to work for clients who wish to commission construction work. In rural areas, the damage caused by unplanned mineral extraction was one of the early reasons for a public demand for landscape planning.
A site plan is an architectural plan, and a detailed engineering drawing of proposed improvements to a given lot, illustrative architectural plan.
A site plan usually shows a building footprint, travelways, illustrative architectural plan, parking, drainage facilities, sanitary sewer lines, water lines, trails, lighting, and landscaping. Such a plan of a site is a graphic representation of the arrangement of buildings, parking, drives, landscaping and any other structure that is part of a development project.
A site illustrative architectural plan is a set of construction drawings that a builder or contractor uses to make improvements to a property. Counties can use the site plan to verify that development codes are being met and as a historical resource, illustrative architectural plan. Site plans are often prepared by a design consultant who must be either a licensed engineer, architect, landscape architect or land survey. The architect Map is part of a plan in Chandler, AZ, illustrative architectural plan.
Transportation planning is the field involved with the siting of transportation facilities generally streetshighwayssidewalks, illustrative architectural plan, illustrative architectural plan lanes and public transport lines. Transportation planning historically has followed the rational planning model of defining goals and objectives, identifying problems, generating alternatives, evaluating alternatives, and developing the plan, illustrative architectural plan.
Other models for planning include rational actorsatisficing, incremental arizona arthritis and rheumatology associationillustrative architectural plan, organizational process, and political bargaining.
However, planners are increasingly expected to adopt a multi-disciplinary approach, especially due to the rising importance of environmentalism, illustrative architectural plan. For example, the use of behavioral psychology to persuade drivers to abandon their automobiles and use public transport instead.
The role of the transport planner is shifting from technical analysis to promoting sustainability through integrated transport policies. Urban, illustrative architectural plan, city, and town planning is the integration of the disciplines of land use planning and transport planningto explore a very wide illustrative architectural plan of aspects of the built and social environments of urbanized municipalities and communities.
Regional planning deals with a still larger environment, at a less detailed level, illustrative architectural plan. Another key role of urban planning is urban renewaland re-generation of inner cities by adapting urban planning methods to existing cities suffering from long-term infrastructural decay. The picture below is an architecture map of a part of south Chandler, AZ.
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Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. November Learn how and when to remove this template message. This article is about architectural design. For activity in time, see Plan. For general design, see Plan drawing. For drawing in architecture, see Architectural drawing.
Ideas and Beliefs in Architecture and Industrial design: How attitudes, orientations, and underlying assumptions shape the built environment, illustrative architectural plan. Oslo School of Architecture and Design. Archived from the original PDF on Dictionary of architecture and building construction. A Blueprint for Urban Neighborhood Revival Antibiotics powerpoint presentations from " https: Archived copy as title Articles needing additional references from November All articles needing additional references.