Medically reviewed on Aug 23, by L. From treatments for painful strep throat or ear infections as a child, to burning urinary tract infections or itchy skin infections as an adult, antibiotics are one of the most highly utilized and important medication classes we have in medicine.
Understanding the vast world of antibiotics and anti-infectives is no easy task. Anti-infectives are a large class of drugs that cover a broad range of infectionsincluding fungal, viral, bacterial, and even protozoal infections.
Antiviral medications are always needed. Yes, that may need a common antibiotic. A topical anti-parasitic can alleviate the itching. There is no one type of antibiotic that cures every infection. Antibiotics specifically treat infections caused by bacteria, such as Staph. Antibiotics do not work against any viral infection.
Antibiotics are specific for the type of arthritis hand joint cream being treated and, in general, cannot be antibiotics effect on normal flora from one infection to another. When antibiotics are used correctly, they are usually safe with few side effects, list antibiotics. However, as with most drugs, antibiotics can lead to side effects that may range from being a nuisance to serious or life-threatening.
In infants and the elderly, in patients with kidney or liver disease, in pregnant or breastfeeding women, and in many other patient groups antibiotic list antibiotics may need to be adjusted based upon the specific characteristics of the patient, like kidney or liver function, weight, or age, list antibiotics. Drug interactions can also be common with antibiotics. Health care providers are able to assess each patient individually to determine the correct antibiotic and dose.
Antibiotics are not the correct choice for all infections, list antibiotics. For arthritis papaya, most sore throatscough and coldsflu or acute sinusitis are viral in origin not bacterial and do not need an antibiotic.
In fact, using antibiotics for viral infections can increase the risk for antibiotic resistance, lower the options for future treatments if an antibiotic is needed, and put a patient at risk for side effects and extra list antibiotics due to unnecessary drug treatment. Antibiotic resistant bacteria cannot be fully inhibited or killed by an antibiotic, even though the antibiotic may have worked effectively before the resistance occurred.
Most antibiotics list antibiotics into their individual antibiotic classes, list antibiotics. An antibiotic class is a grouping of different drugs that have similar chemical and pharmacologic properties. Their chemical structures may look comparable, and drugs list antibiotics the same class may kill the same or related bacteria. Antibiotics are specific for the kind of bacteria they kill. Another name for this class is the beta-lactam antibiotics, referring to their structural formula.
The penicillin class contains five groups of antibiotics: Common antibiotics in the penicillin class include:. Tetracyclines are broad-spectrum against many bacteria and treat conditions such as acne, list antibiotics tract infections UTIsintestinal tract infections, eye infections, sexually transmitted diseases, periodontitis gum diseaseand other bacterial infections.
The tetracycline class contains well-known drugs such as:, list antibiotics. There are five list antibiotics of cephalosporinswith increasing expanded coverage to include gram-negative infections, list antibiotics. Cephalosporins treat many infections, including strep throat, ear infections, urinary list antibiotics infections, skin infections, list antibiotics, and meningitis.
The fifth generation cephalosporin ceftaroline Teflaro is active against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus MRSA. The quinolones, list antibiotics, also known as the fluoroquinolones, are a synthetic, bactericidal antibacterial class with a broad-spectrum of activity.
The FDA issued a strong warning about this class in Familiar names in the fluoroquinolone class include:. This class has activity against gram-positive aerobes and anaerobes bacteria that can live without oxygenas well as some gram-negative anaerobes. The lincomycin derivatives may be used to treat serious list antibiotics like pelvic inflammatory disease, intra-abdominal infections, lower respiratory tract infections, and bone and joint infections.
The macrolides can be use to treat community-acquired pneumonia, pertussis whooping coughor for uncomplicated skin infections, list antibiotics, among other susceptible infections, list antibiotics. Ketolides are a newer generation of antibiotic developed to overcome macrolide bacterial resistance. Frequently prescribed macrolides are:.
List antibiotics are effective against some gram-positive and many gram-negative bacteria, but resistance is widespread. Common uses for sulfonamides include UTIs, treatment or prevention of pneumocystis pneumonia, or ear infections otitis media. Members of list antibiotics group may be used for treating methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus MRSA infections, complicated skin infections, C, list antibiotics.
Common drug names include:. Aminoglycosides list antibiotics bacterial synthesis by binding to the 30S ribosome and act rapidly as bactericidal antibiotics killing the bacteria. These drugs are usually given intravenously in a vein through a needle.
Common examples in this class are:. These injectable beta-lactam antibiotics have a wide spectrum of bacteria-killing power and may be used for moderate to list antibiotics bacterial infections like stomach infections, pneumonias, kidney infections, multidrug-resistant hospital-acquired infections and many other types of serious bacterial illnesses.
Members of this class include:, list antibiotics. Over-the-counter OTC oral antibiotics are not approved in the U. A bacterial infection is best treated with a prescription antibiotic that is specific for the type of bacteria causing the infection. This will increase the chances that the infection is cured and best respiratory antibiotics for cats to prevent antibiotic resistance.
In addition, a lab culture may need to be performed to pinpoint the bacteria and to help select the best antibiotic. Taking the wrong list antibiotics -- or not enough -- may worsen the infection and prevent the antibiotic from working the next time. There are a few OTC topical antibiotics that can be used on the skin. Some products treat or prevent minor cuts, list antibiotics, scrapes or burn on the skin that may get infected with bacteria.
These are available in creams, ointments, and even sprays. There are some OTC antibacterials for acne sufferers, too. They contain the antibacterial benzoyl peroxidewhich also has mild drying effect for acne. Many products are found on the pharmacy shelves as gels, list antibiotics, lotions, solutions, foams, cleaning pads, and even facial scrubs.
Patients frequently have questions about specific topics with antibiotics. Here are some articles that address common questions you may have about antibiotics. Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances. By clicking Subscribe, I agree to the Drugs.
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This material is provided for educational purposes only and is not intended for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment, list antibiotics. To view content sources and attributions, list antibiotics, please refer to our list antibiotics policy.
We comply with the HONcode standard for trustworthy health information - verify here. Home Reference Antibiotics Print Share. Antibiotics Guide Medically reviewed on Aug 23, by L. Tegsedi Tegsedi inotersen is an antisense oligonucleotide inhibitor of the transthyretin TTR protein Revcovi Revcovi elapegademase-lvlr is a recombinant adenosine deaminase indicated for the treatment of Nuzyra Nuzyra omadacycline is an aminomethylcycline tetracycline antibiotic for the treatment of Seysara Seysara sarecycline is an oral, narrow spectrum tetracycline-derived antibiotic for the treatment Subscribe to free Drugs.