It can also be used alongside other medications to treat stomach ulcers caused by H. In the United States U. Amoxicillin belongs to a group of drugs called the penicillins.
They originate from a form of fungi called Penicillium fungi. Penicillins are antibiotic drugs. They are used to treat infections caused by bacteria and to eliminate the bacteria.
Amoxicillin fights bacteria and stops them from growing by preventing them from forming cell walls. This what antibiotics kill what bacteria the bacteria and eventually eradicates the infection.
Amoxicillin and other antibiotics are not known to be effective against viral infections, such as colds and flu. It is not effective against the common cold or flu viruses. Using it for these purposes increases the risk of antibiotic resistance and further infection. Amoxicillin can be used in combination with another antibiotic called clarithromycin to treat stomach ulcers caused by H. These drugs can also be combined with lansoprazole to help reduce stomach acid and symptoms of acid reflux.
Health care providers sometimes prescribe amoxicillin for heart problems, to prevent chlamydia during pregnancy, to prevent bacterial infection in newborns, or to protect the heart valve after surgical procedures. Amoxicillin can also be used "off-label" to treat anthrax.
Amoxicillin should only be used "off-label," in other words, for purposes not usually specified, if specifically recommended by a healthcare provider. Amoxicillin can be taken orally as a dry tablet, a chewable tablet, a capsule, hsg antibiotics suspension, what antibiotics kill what bacteria, or liquid preparation, or as drops for children.
It may be taken with or without food, what antibiotics kill what bacteria, and the liquid form can be mixed with other liquids such as baby formula, fruit juice, milk, and water. Liquids and drops should be shaken thoroughly before use to ensure what antibiotics kill what bacteria the medication is distributed evenly.
Tablets and capsules should be taken with water, and chewable tablets should be fully chewed before swallowing. If a dose is missed, one should be taken as soon as possible unless it is nearly time for the next dose. Never take a double dose to make up for a missed one.
Discontinuing treatment before the end of the prescribed course increases the risk of bacteria developing a resistance to the antibiotic. The infection could also return. It is most important for doctors to check whether the patient is allergic to penicillin because an anaphylactic reaction can be fatal. Anyone experiencing any of these symptoms while taking amoxicillin should seek urgent medical attention.
Between 1 and 10 percent of patients will experience an upset stomachpossibly with vomiting and diarrhea, what antibiotics kill what bacteria, due to Clostridium difficile C. This is because the antibiotic changes the gut flora. Most cases are mild, but fatal colitis can occur. Between 1 and 10 percent will develop candidiasis, a fungal or myotic infection. Some people experience vaginal itching or a swollen, black tongue that feels "hairy. This is not a full list of adverse effects. For more information and what antibiotics kill what bacteria full list of adverse effects, patients should check the patient information leaflet PIL that comes with the medication or speak to their healthcare provider.
It is very important that a doctor is aware of what medication a patient is taking before prescribing amoxicillin. Amoxicillin works well with some forms of medication such as clarithromycin and lansoprazole, but with other drugs, there may be unwanted interactions.
All of these are potentially hazardous. Amoxicillin can also affect the results of certain diagnostic tests, such as urine glucose tests. This could lead to false positive results. Doctors and other health care providers must be fully informed of any other drugs, what antibiotics kill what bacteria, treatments or tests that a patient is being given before they prescribe amoxicillin. Amoxicillin may reduce the effectiveness of birth control measures, such as patches, rings, or the birth control pill.
Anyone who is using these methods of birth control should discuss their options with their physician or health care provider. Although amoxicillin can treat certain infections effectively, repeated use can reduce its effectiveness. A year study published in the BMJ in found that 1 in 10 of all antibiotic prescriptions failed to treat the infection.
The number of antibiotic failures has been rising. This would appear to indicate a growing tendency toward antibiotic resistance, where overuse of antibiotics is reducing their effectiveness.
Alcohol does not affect the antibiotic activity of amoxicillin, but patients should avoid drinking alcohol while an active infection is present. This can support the body in effectively eradicating infection. The use of alcohol may also mask side effects that can occur with amoxicillin, increasing the potential for complications. Being clear and concise with doctors and health care providers will ensure the safe and effective use of amoxicillin.
Article last updated by Yvette Brazier on Tue 27 June All references are available in the References tab, what antibiotics kill what bacteria. Amoxicillin capsules mg BP. Antibiotic treatment failure in four common infections in UK primary care The BMJ what antibiotics kill what bacteria MNT is the registered trade mark of Healthline Media. Any medical information published on this website is not intended as a substitute for informed medical advice and you should not take any action before consulting with a healthcare professional.
Sign in Log in with your Medical News Today account to create or edit your custom homepage, catch-up on your opinions notifications and set your newsletter preferences. Register for a free account Sign up for a free Medical News Today account to customize your medical and health news experiences. Register take the tour. Reviewed by Alan Carter, PharmD. Table of contents What is amoxicillin? Uses How is it taken? Side effects Interactions Other precautions.
Fast facts on amoxicillin Here are some key points about amoxicillin. More information is in the main article. Amoxicillin works by preventing bacteria from growing, and killing them.
Amoxicillin can treat infections caused by bacteria but not those caused by viruses. It can be used with other medications to treat some stomach ulcers. Common adverse effects include diarrheacandidiasisand tooth discoloration. Patients should always discuss their current state of health and medical history with their doctor before starting a course of amoxicillin. Amoxicillin is a penicillin used for for fighting bacterial infection.
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